Description of the Green Turtle
The Green Turtle is one of the largest, measuring 71cm to 1.5 m in length and maintaining a weight of 68-190 kg.
The largest green turtle that has been recorded reached the amazing weight of 395 kilos. Males are larger than females.
Their heads are small compared to their body and their fins in the form of rowing are perfectly adapted for swimming.
Its strong carapace varies according to the geographical location of the species, since it presents olive, brown or black tones.
In the same way, the color can change with the passage of time. Green turtles can not put their heads to hide inside their carapace.
This ability occurs mostly in land turtle species.
Its upper jaw contains an edge with teeth not as strong and defined as those that have in the lower part.
In comparison to other marine species, it has a single claw on its front extremities.
in their front extremities.
Green turtles are herbivores, since their diet is based mainly on seaweed and vegetation that grows in shallow waters.
He spends most of his time on his diet. They also eat jellyfish, crabs, snails and worms.
The first years of their lives, usually from three to five, loggerhead turtles are carnivorous, but as they enter adulthood, they modify their diet by becoming largely herbivorous and choose to swim in shallower waters.
According to scientific studies, green turtles reach sexual maturity from 20 to 50 years old.
The mating process is totally controlled by the females, since the males can not force them until they decide when to do it.
The copulation takes place in the water,When the female is fertilized, it reaches the coasts in search of a suitable place to dig a hole in the sand that will serve for the nesting of the eggs.
It deposits between 100 and 200 eggs and once finished, it is responsible for covering them with sand so that they are not detected by predators.
The female does not protect that cavity, but returns to the sea again.
The eggs are split approximately after 45 to 75 days, and the young use their small teeth to split the shell.
They are propelled by their fins to remove the sand and come to the surface in search of their way to the sea.
On the way from the sand to the waters, these can be victims of predators such as pelicans, crabs and seagulls.
Those who manage to be adults can live up to 80 years.
From The moment they are spawned, it is very likely to be devoured by raccoons, foxes, snakes, coyotes, opossums, rats, vultures, ants and man himself.
Already in the water, sharks, dolphins and other big fish can kill them.
Only a few turtles manage to survive after they release the shell.
The man is the main responsible for the reduction of specimens of the green turtle.
since it illegally trades its eggs or hunts them when they are adults to obtain their skin, tanning it and using it as leather for the elaboration of bags and other articles.
Turtle meat, fat and cartilage is also consumed, especially in China and Indonesia.