Russian Tortoise

The Russian turtle Informtion

Also known as the Horsfield turtle, by the American naturalist Thomas Horsfield, or Central Asian turtle.

Is one of the most beloved turtle species as a pet. Their specimens can live for many years, usually more than 50, which together with their active and dynamic nature makes it the preferred choice of many when entering the world of these reptiles.

It is said that the main thing to enjoy the experience of raising a Russian tortoise is to allow him to live a free life and give him the habitat and feeding conditions he requires, which will allow him to be friendly with his human owner.

The present article is directed precisely to the fundamental characteristics of this attractive species, and to the socialization of some keys that will make breeding an easier and enjoyable experience.

 

Anatomy

The Russian tortoise is a kind of small variety; Its length varies between 13 and 25 centimeters, specifically between 13 and 20 centimeters the males and between 15 and 25 the females.

These turtles are dimorphic in sex. The females grow a little more than the males. while the tail of these seems longer and is usually hidden along one side. Similarly, the shields of the female seem to explode on their shells, which does not occur in the male.

The mating between both sexes lasts 10 to 12 hours.

As for the color of the species, it is appropriate to say that it is not uniform, but differs a lot.

Thus, the color of the carapace can be brown, black or reddish, but decreases to yellow on the flanks.

The color of the body in turn varies from brown to straw yellow.

Another important feature of the anatomy of the Russian tortoise is that it has four fingers on its extremities.

 

Behavior

The Russian tortoise is charming and cordial.

It is a cheerful species and can play with its owner for a long time.

The specimens become familiar with the person who feeds them soon.

when they see it, they rush towards it with expectations on their faces, an interesting behavior to observe.

 

Habitat

The Russian tortoise can be seen in northern Pakistan, northwestern China, eastern Afghanistan, northern Iran and in Kazakhstan.

In pet stores can also be obtained from the territory of Uzbekistan.

These turtles usually inhabit dry and open landscapes.

They can be found in the deserts of sand and clay, with shrubs and sparse pastures.

They can not be seen often in cultivated fields and places of thick vegetation.

In nature, the Russian tortoise becomes an active animal only for a short period of time each year.

Apparently, he comes out of hiding in mid-March and vigorously searches for food until his mating in mid-June.

In the summer, when the temperature is very hot, it will be dormant until October, the month in which hibernation begins, at least in Uzbekistan, which ends in March.

 

Breeding

The Russian pet turtles mate after the rains, from September to November.

The males compete with each other to have authority in the group and gain the right to mate with the females, an act during whose execution they emit sounds.

After sixty days of intercourse, the females wander in search of a suitable place to nest.

During a period of five to fifteen days, the female digs almost four or five potential nests, until she chooses the right place to lay her eggs.

 

Housing

If possible, the best home for a Russian tortoise is an outdoor enclosure.

The breeder must ensure that the enclosure is safe from predators such as humans, dogs, cats, opossums and raccoons.

These turtles are very good climbers and excavators, so you also have to make sure that the daily habitat chosen for them is safe.

In the accommodation you should also allocate a point to place a large amount of weeds, shrubs, as well as wild flowers, to serve as food.

In addition, the regular supply of water is essential to drink and refresh your body every time the tortoise proposes.

The maintenance of an exterior enclosure is an excellent option, especially during the warmer months.

An enclosure about 122 centimeters wide by 122 meters long becomes the ideal minimum space for a grown turtle.

These Russian turtles are very curious and dynamic. Therefore, the bigger your home, the better.

The owner of the pet must ensure that the base of the box extends down between 243 and 365 centimeters and for its protection heavy metal cloth should be used, with wood at the edges.

Finally, it is advisable to build the wall of the enclosure with a material such as wood or other elements that do not allow the turtle to climb, and maintain the height of the wall of the enclosure in a dimension close to 365 centimeters.

With this, the climbers will find it more difficult to escape from their space, something that given their active nature they will often try.

 

Food

Russian turtles are good at grazing and are fond of plants with broad leaves.

The ideal diet consists of weeds (flowers and leaves) and his favorite dish is dandelion.

This species of turtle consumes different types of weeds, such as stems, flowers and leaves, so it can be defined as herbivore.

Their usual diet consists of fibrous foods that are high in calcium and low in protein.

It is from plants that the Russians get the protein and not from products of animal origin.

The diet of the Russian tortoise is free of fruits that include a large amount of sugar, as this would cause blooms of parasites and inflammations.

 

Manipulation

Contrary to what many sellers say to customers, turtles in general should not be handled regularly.

They can easily be damaged when handled excessively, and children tend to drop them if they get scared.

These stress factors can lead to a decrease in the activity level of a turtle and, of course, in a deterioration of their health.

 

 

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